• Policy Analysis, Project Design and Evaluations, Financial Control Systems.
• Finance for private and donor-funded farm, non-farm and women-owned small businesses.
• Credit and Marketing for agricultural, fisheries and aquaculture enterprises.
• Land tenure and institutional analysis.
• Post-conflict, post-disaster reconstruction and development and food security issues.
• Surveys at national, regional and farm, enterprise and household levels.
• Ph.D., Agricultural Economics/Ibero-American Studies/Statistics/Farm Management, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1984.
• M.S., Agricultural Economics/Rural Development, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1975.
• B.A., History/French, Hamilton College, Clinton, New York. 1966.
• High School, French/Latin, Belmont Hill School, Belmont, MA, 1961.
• Portuguese Language, Centro de Estudos Brasileiros (Rome, Italy, 1988 & Georgetown, Guyana, 1998)
• Spanish Language and Literature, Université de Laval, Québec, PQ, summer 1966.
• Private pilot's license and IFR rating, Flying Club San Fernando, Chile, 1969.
• Commercial & amateur radio licenses (US FCC K1MMB/ Malian AMRTP TZ4AM) 1962 & 2015.
July 2015 to July 2016 : Survey Director and Report Writer for a baseline survey for use in the final evaluation of a project in Mopti, Ségou and Koulikoro. Work included the design of a household questionnaire and guide to key informant interviews, the survey of 500 households and 37 key informant interviews, creation of household and key informant interview database, statistical analysis and graphical presentation derived from the two databases analyzed in a final report (English and French).
August 2012 to Present : Company Manager focusing on new business development for own consulting company in Bamako, Mali to provide services to Government, donors and private agencies and companies in agriculture and food security, business, credit and development, focusing specially on impacts commensurate with interventions and outlays and introducing effective financial control systems.
October to December 2014 : Researcher in Mali for an RFA on providing technical assistance to clients and private Malian banks using USAID’s Development Credit Authority (DCA).
February-April 2014 : Report Writer (Mozambique) for a business policy change project’s final evaluation.
November to December 2013, February 2014 : Proposal Preparation writing the technical proposal, recruiting the team, arranging local partnerships and preparing costs for the winning bid for the 5-year, $5M evaluation of the USAID/Mali’s Cereal Value Chain project.
April to October 2013 : Team Leader, Mozambique (Cabo Delgado, Manica and Zambezia) evaluating the Community Lands Initiative (iTC) to determine changes resulting from improved land tenure and links to greater investment by communities, outside investors and households related to project interventions.
March to April 2013 : Team Leader, Ghana evaluating changes in occurring in communities served by a Feed the Future value-chain project in reducing poverty and improving food security in northern Ghana.
January to July 2012 (various times) : Proposal Writer and Agricultural Finance Author/Editor for providing sections on rural finance and employment for proposals and editing a manual on agricultural finance for banks and microfinance institutions in Africa embarking on lending programs for agriculture.
6 November to 20 December 2011 : Team Leader, Ghana for an evaluation assessing advocacy training farmer-based organizations, coalition-building and improved interaction and services of local authorities.
17 February to 30 March and August 27 to October 17, 2011 : Survey Design Analyst & Report Writer, Myanmar for village- and household-level surveys for an impact evaluation assessing the contribution of the Microfinance Program in improving the welfare of the families of clients, recommending program expansion, inclusion of other geographical areas and the design of new loan products. Also, analyzing the Program’s role in reviving farming, business activities and employment in the wake of cyclone Nargis.
14 September to 2009 to 13 September 2010 : Rural Credit and Financial Services Specialist, Mali setting up a system to guarantee access to finance for farmers, women and their producer organizations, promoting value-chain financing, and designing a land payment system to provide beneficiaries of an irrigation project with titles to their land and improved access to medium-term finance.
24 August to 14 September 2009 : Economy and Market Development Expert in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) for the design of SIDA’s pro-poor, gender-sensitive, and market-oriented development program, recommending institutional partnerships and geographical areas of concentration.
October 2008 to April 2009 : Team Leader in Ethiopia for a lessons learned study of an innovative CIDA-funded food security, income-generation and asset creation project in eastern Amhara region.
7 January to the 15 October 2008 : Team Leader in Ethiopia for the World Bank-financed “Tana Beles Growth Corridor Endowments, Potentials and Constraints” study for the Ministry of Water Resources designing a growth strategy based on development of irrigation, regional marketing, finance, public-private partnerships and agribusiness.
November 2007 : Agribusiness Expert designing the methodology for an evaluation of USAID business support projects in Serbia.
14 August to October 9 2007 : Proposal Writer, Uganda carrying out fieldwork in northern Uganda, meeting local authorities, development partners and recruiting prospective staff and local subcontractors, arranging public-private partnerships and preparing the technical proposal for USAID’s SPRING project.
29 June to 7 August 2007 : Team Leader, Uganda evaluating USAID’s agricultural productivity enhancement project (APEP) related to technological adoption, increased production, producer organizations, group marketing, credit linkages and public-private partnerships.
2 June to 24 June 2007 : Enterprise Specialist, Huambo, Angola for ARD Inc. analyzing potential opportunities arising in peri-urban and rural areas due to improvement in property rights and prosing improved access to finance.
5 to 21 May, 2007 : Team leader, Conakry, Guinea for the agriculture and natural resource management component of a better governance project during the start-up phase, and preparing protocols for future collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and contacting UN agencies concerning relevant activities.
9 April to April 30 2007 : Data Quality Expert, Managua, Nicaragua responsible for evaluating quality of export, domestic, sales and other indicators of financial success of USAID projects for raising rural income.
18 February to 31 March 2007 : Team Leader, Madagascar evaluating a USAID-funded food security project. The evaluation covered contributions to improving agricultural production and marketing, aqua-culture, health, family-planning & nutrition, road & irrigation infrastructure, natural resource management, and land tenure. Major changes in ADRA country operations and headquarters supervision were proposed.
26 November 2006 to January 19, 2007 : Agricultural Economist, Senegal for an evaluation of a USAID-funded natural resource management project, responsible for analyzing the economic pillar of a tripartite strategy of nature, wealth and power. Analysis focused on how project interventions increasing income from forest and non-traditional agricultural products and revenues to local government succeeded in raising community interest in improved management of community forests and other resources and on policy constraints identified in the course of project interventions.
16 April to 19 May and 12 August to 2 September 2006 : Economist/Land Tenure Survey Manager, Kyrgyzstan for USAID responsible for the design, supervision and analysis of a survey of 550 farmers and local government officials concerning terms of agricultural leases, production, soil and water conservation and investment decisions on leased land and recommendations on improvements in leasing arrangements and the ultimate transfer of leased land to farmers.
11 January to 22 March and 10 June through 25 July 2006 : Fisheries Economist, Indonesia assessing policies, strategies and subsidies in the marine and fisheries sector, and defining investments to promote growth and reach its export potential. The report on subsidies included extensive analysis of WTO agreements on subsidies and countervailing measures and positions of various countries as they affect fisheries sector subsidies.
27 October to 18 November 2005 : Proposal Writer at ARD Inc., Burlington, Vermont, USA for USAID/ Ethiopia’s Agribusiness and Trade Expansion Activity writing sections on agricultural strategy and approaches to main value-chains.
10 September to 20 October 2005 : Microfinance Expert, Sri Lanka assessment of microfinance opportunities and proposing changes in loan products and procedures to overcome low funds uptake and to encourage greater interest by MFIs in USAID funds offered for recovery and their support to reviving business in the wake of the tsunami.
18 June to 15 July 2005 : Team Leader/Strategic Planning Specialist for SIDA developing a strategic plan to guide Uganda Beef Producers’ Association in improving services to members, generating additional revenue to increase its sustainability, expanding membership to cover a broader spectrum of livestock producers, processors and input suppliers, and making the association more representative of the interests of stakeholders in the beef and meat subsectors.
17 February to 15 April 2005 : Agricultural Credit and Marketing Specialist for an evaluation of USAID’s Agricultural Cooperatives in Ethiopia (ACE) program managed by ACDI/VOCA, responsible for analyzing program impact on the numbers of cooperatives and their volume of business, on the formation of savings and credit cooperatives, training activities, farmer incomes, livelihoods and food security and advocacy.
25 November 2004 to January 10, 2005 : Team Leader/Agricultural Economist for ADRA Guinea, responsible for the final evaluation of its USAID-funded PADRAS project improving food security through new farming technologies, natural resource management, and income-generating activities. Recommendations covered a sustainable exit strategy for the microfinance component, the need to use farm chemicals (including insecticides), and improvements in the monetization of PL-480 Title II vegetable oil.
27 June to 2 October 2004 : Agricultural Credit Risk Specialist for USAID’s Mali Finance project managed preparing budgets for major crops grown in the southern part of the country (including cotton and irrigated rice), analyzing agronomic, input supply, and marketing constraints, as well as imports and exports, and assessing the risk associated with financing these crops. Work also involved estimating the repayment capacity of farmers for short-, medium- and long-term loans, training loan agents in use of crop and consolidated farm budgets in loan analysis, writing new agricultural lending policies for two MFIs, and proposing the development of new loan products.
18 March to 2 May 2004 : Income-Generating Activity Specialist for the Government of Mozambique, training social action staff in program design and implementation, evaluating its on-going support to income-generating activities for welfare recipients, and proposing changes in selected activities to reduce risks and to improve success rate of welfare recipients in setting up and running their own microenterprises.
1 to 23 February 2004 : Rural Land Tenure/Agriculture Specialist for a team in Kosovo carrying out a study for USAID of land and property rights and their impact on economic development and finance for enterprises including agricultural crops (potatoes, vegetables, etc), dairy, and aquaculture and proposing ways of improving property rights to increase the use of immoveable property as collateral for bank finance.
18 October 2003 to January 26 2004 : Agricultural Economist for ARD Inc. preparing an Agricultural Sector Assessment focusing on the contribution of the sector to poverty reduction to assist USAID/Guinea in devising new approaches to agricultural development. Responsible for in-depth analysis of key agricultural value-chains and identify their constraints, opportunities and potential interventions over the next five years. Major crops covered included such as cashews, oil palm, rice, irrigated dry season vegetables, marine and continental fisheries and aquaculture, and the marketing of fertilizer and other farm chemicals, and contributing to analysis of the financial sector and its support to agricultural marketing and production.
12 September to 17 October 2003 : Fertilizer Credit Specialist for IFDC in Malawi, reviewing the need for an access to and the sources of credit by fertilizer dealers; both local currency and dollar and rand finance for fertilizer imports were analyzed. Work included analysis of use of fertilizer stocks in bonded warehouses as collateral (inventory credit) and on other possible sources of guarantees to supplement dealers own contributions to the finance of fertilizer imports and in-country inventories.
24 April to 20 May 2003 : Housing Microfinance Expert, Kigali, Rwanda, for the World Council of Credit Unions (WOCCU) analyzing the performance of housing and home improvement lending by Rwandan credit unions and their national union (UBPR). A program for establishing in-house expertise in construction, for improving existing loan products, and for developing a product combining member savings with home purchase finance was designed. New products for commercial construction loans and for salary advances used for home improvement were also proposed.
11 February to 15 March 2003 : Senior Trade Analyst, Bamako, Mali for the preparation of a proposal in response to a USAID RFP for an agricultural trade promotion project. Responsible for analysis of the trade impacts of civil war in Ivory Coast, border-trade, irrigated rice sector (production, milling and marketing), horticultural crops, quality assurance and control systems (laboratories, HAACP, etc.), infrastructure, MIS and information and communication programs, and trade and marketing finance.
31 October to 18 December 2002 : Senior Agricultural and Food Security Analyst on an evaluation team USAID/Malawi’s program for increasing rural incomes, assessing the impact of 1) the consolidation of the national smallholders producers organization (NASFAM) as a major trading company for exporting and processing smallholder agricultural products, 2) a dairy industry development program with Land O’Lakes, 3) the expansion of rural credit unions, and 4) an HYV-seed-and-fertilizer-for-work project improving food security for low-income families while improving their road access.
1 September to 26 October 2002 : Agricultural Marketing Policy Analyst funded by IFAD for the Agricultural Policy Support Project (PAMA) in Mozambique, reviewing the literature and current studies related to agricultural marketing for small farm, analyzing policies and legislation, and identifying the institutions and stakeholders having legitimate interests in agricultural policy decisions. The report analyzes the existing policy formulation process and proposes a framework in which PAMA can operate to improve transparency, ensure small farmers input into the policy decision-making process and accelerate changes in marketing policies and procedures favorable to small farmers and associations representing their interests.
1 July to 3 August 2002 : Economic Analyst, funded by CARE International on behalf of a consortium of NGOs, responsible for collecting data, modeling the cost of 16 years of conflict in northern Uganda’s Acholiland to the regional and national economies, and proposing policies for a negotiated solution.
13 April 2002 to 13 June 2002 : Marketing and Rural Enterprise Development Expert, DFID-funded project for Teso and Lango farming systems (Soroti and Lira districts in northern Uganda), analyzing marketing and enterprise development constraints and identifying opportunities for new and existing crop and livestock activities and service sector businesses, with the aim of integrating this market-oriented focus into the research program of the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) and into the extension activities of the National Agricultural Advisory Service (NAADS) in its support formation and development of producer organizations. A proposal was made for the creation of a specialized competitive grant funds for marketing and enterprise development studies and activities and of establishing venture-capital grants for innovative businesses needing to expand in order to take advantage of opportunities emerging in the two regions.20 August 2001 to 2 Nov. 2001 & 19 November to 14 December 2001 : Microfinance Housing Consultant for PLAN International, preparing a proposal expanding microfinance for housing cum technical assistance project for low-income families to cover Africa. Work also entails assisting in the identification of funding sources, preparing grant proposals for the expansion of the program within 5 countries in Latin America and Sri Lanka where it was already operating and its replication in its programs in West Africa.
4 April to 25 May 2001, 3 to 18 November 2001 and 19 December 2001 to 26 January 2002 : Information and Communications Expert, Mali for USAID reviewing the information and communications needs of the umbrella association of microfinance institutions (APIM) and its 24 members and developing an integrated strategy meeting APIMs needs. These included computerization of APIM’s operations (hardware, software, website & email systems, newsletter) and those of its members. Work included developing a communications strategy for the marketing of the microfinance industry as a whole and coordinating the media campaigns of individual MFIs within the overall industry strategy. The report is in French. Handled press relations to launch the communications strategy with a week-long Microfinance Week conference and organized nationwide media coverage and designed a media campaign coinciding with the African Cup of Nations soccer tournament.
31 May to 1 August 2000 : Agricultural Economist and Credit Expert evaluating the strategy of alternative development of the Government of Peru supported by USAID for farmers in the Peruvian selva in coca-producing zones. Farmers were interviewed concerning their production of coca and alternative crops and livestock activities, marketing arrangements, means of financing their farming and other activities, and their property rights. Managers of farmer cooperatives and privately owned agribusinesses processing, marketing and exporting coffee, cocoa, bananas, beans, rice, hearts of palm, pineapple and other non-traditional export crops were also consulted. Financial analysis of priority activities was carried out. Roles of farmer organizations in marketing were also analyzed; support of NGOs was also evaluated.
29 April to 29 May 2000 : Rural Organizations Specialist, Mali, Ethiopia, Uganda and Malawi, analyzing USAID’s technical and financial support strategies for producers’ organizations in Africa: improving collective marketing, input supply and service provision to members. A major focus of the study was on the process of building trust and long-term relationships between producer organizations and the processors, traders and agro-exporters buying their products. The report’s recommendations offered improved strategies for supporting rural producers’ associations throughout Africa.
January 29 to March 12, 2000 : Senior Institutional Management Specialist, Egypt for ARD Inc. assessing impacts of the research, design and implementation and the monitoring, verification and evaluation units on success of an agricultural policy reform program. The major focus of this program is on improving the regulatory environment and enabling rules and acts governing agribusinesses and exporters of Egyptian farm products.
October 2 to November 12, 1999 : Farmer Organization Specialist, Mozambique, for ARD Inc. responsible for an assessment of farmer associations supported by USAID/Mozambique and US NGOs to determine “Best Practices” to achieve results in collective marketing of agricultural products. Support provide by US and UK NGOs (CLUSA, CARE, World Vision, ACDI/VOCA, Freedom from Hunger, etc.) to farmer organizations and by TechnoServe and the World Bank Cashew Industry Support project (Nampula) to processors and agribusinesses was also analyzed. Program costs were analyzed. Best practices were identified and recommendations were made for improving linkages between farmer organizations and agribusinesses engaged in marketing, processing and exporting.
July 31 to September 17 1999 : Labor Economist, Cashew Processing Industry Study, Mozambique funded by World Bank responsible for analyzing jobs losses in old capital-intensive factories and determining appropriate compensation for workers. Potential gains in employment in new small plants using appropriate (Indian) labor-intensive technologies in cashew processing were estimated. Proposals were concerning marketing constraints on establishing new, small-scale plants and for raw cashew exports.
June 16-July 27 1999 : Financial Policy Advisor for the Fondo Peru-Canada evaluating the microfinance institutions the Fondo supports and providing policy advice how to formalize their activities within the framework of existing financial sector legislation. Work resulted in formalizing institutions and continuity in provision of pro-poor financial services for farm and non-farm small businesses and microenterprises.
November 30 to December 18 1998 : Agricultural Finance Expert for USAID/Honduras responsible for reviewing requirements and options for financing agricultural reconstruction after Hurricane Mitch. Mechanisms proposed included refinancing loans and special lines of credit for banks and institutions.
May 13 to 4 July 4, 1998 : Land Tenure Analyst, Guyana preparing a program and designing financial mechanisms for converting agricultural land leases into freehold property, establishing criteria and priorities for areas and farmers to be covered in initial years of program operation. The positive impact of such a change on the availability of finance for farm-processing and non-farm rural businesses was high-lighted.
July 8 to August 9 & Sept. 20 to 17 October 1998 : Fisheries Credit Expert for FAO and Morocco's Office National de Pêche analyzing the impact an existing mutual loan guarantee system and proposing expansion to cover remaining ports and increasing membership and procedural changes to cover full system costs.
January 31 to March 29, 1998 : Rural Savings and Credit and Microenterprise Development Expert analyzing credit requirements of natural resource management activities and microenterprises in rural communities in Senegal and designing a credit component for the project and local financial institutions. Major elements of the proposals were later incorporated by the mission into a new MFI support project.
April 6, 1997 to 10 October 1997 : Microfinance Expert and Operations Analyst preparing the African Development Fund's US$ 10 million Microfinance Initiative for Africa (AMINA) proposal to support urban and rural microenterprises. Work also included up-dating the African Development Bank operations manual.
November 3 to December 2 1996 : Artisanal Fisheries Credit & Financial Analyst analyzing informal credit and marketing systems for fishermen, women fish processors and fish traders for the design of a JICA artisanal fisheries project on the north coast of Senegal. Credit for marketing and processing was included.
5 July to 9 August 1996 : Agricultural Economist in Sierra Leone analyzing the commercial market for cassava, sweet potatoes and yams in the fresh food market and processed (gari) for storage and export. Warehousing at the port and the need for working capital for an agricultural marketing company to support marketing activities for all IFAD-funded projects in the country were also covered.
27 April to 11 May 1996 : Agricultural Economist for FAO, Ethiopia estimating costs and assisting in the design of trials for treatment of external parasites in sheep and goats to improve the quality of skins and facilitate the production of export-quality hides for the European market. Proposed intensive shearing alone as one of the trials against pharmaceuticals and chemicals: lowest cost alternative and second-best overall.
3 March to 17 April 1996 : Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, Morocco, designing a survey-based, farm-level data collection and analysis system to scientifically monitor progress in achieving reduced water-use, production, marketing and income objectives of the USAID-funded Tadla irrigation project.
17 October to 14 November 1995 : Credit Consultant for Save the Children (USA) in Malawi designing a credit system for processing and petty trade microenterprises of low-income women widowed by AIDS.
25 August to 24 September 1995 : Credit Consultant to GTZ-Malawi. Designed a successful loan recovery strategy and designed a new credit program for introducing resource-conserving technology in lake fisheries and an artisanal aquaculture system for joint production and marketing of tilapia and dry-season vegetables.
16 May to 20 September 1995 : Income-Generating Activities Expert, FAO evaluating markets of alternative agricultural and non-farm small businesses in fishing communities around Lake Malawi and Lake Malombe and designing a credit program to support their expansion. Drying/salting and smoking fish domestic sale and cross-border trade with Mozambique was analyzed and proposals made for expansion.
10 April to 3 May 1995 : Agricultural Economist, Guinea evaluating income-generating activities encouraged by a USAID-funded natural resources management project in the Fouta-Djallon highlands, including markets and finance for dry-season vegetable production and non-agricultural small businesses. Financial constraints to enterprise development were analyzed and alternatives were proposed.
April 1995 : Research Analyst for a private client carrying out a desktop study of commercial fishing in the Aegean Sea to help ensure secure routing of submarine cables and minimize damage from trawling.
9 January to 7 March 1995 : Agribusiness and Marketing Consultant, Mozambique responsible for an impact analysis of imports of US-made equipment and food on farm production and on establishing free markets in farm inputs and agricultural products. Managers of agricultural processing and marketing businesses were also interviewed, and an assessment was made of the commodity import program’s impacts on improving the ability of these enterprises to compete in the liberalized Mozambican economy.
25 September to 7 December 1994 : Rural Credit Specialist, Myanmar for FAO designing a credit system for four FAO-implemented agro-forestry and agriculture projects to support farming, fishing, agricultural marketing and rural non-farm businesses, including small processing and trading enterprises of women.
11 May to 11 September 1994 : Fisheries Economist, Mexico, FAO analyzing viability and investment in fish capture, processing and marketing in Mexican fisheries and aquaculture (including land-titling and credit for aquaculture projects). Macroeconomic factors affecting fisheries investment (including overvaluation of the currency) were highlighted three months prior to the devaluation of the peso. Economic and financial analysis of a large variety of fisheries and aquaculture activities was also carried out.
4 April to 9 May 1994 : Rural Organizations and Credit Analyst, Honduras for FAO, evaluating an agro-forestry and natural resource management project, including the contribution of its credit component to the achievement of project objectives of decreasing pressure of hillside agriculture and forest-incursions.
3 to 19 January 1994 and 15 November to 23 December 1993 : Agricultural Economist, Eritrea responsible for economic analysis and design of the credit component. The project focused on rehabilitating production using spate irrigation to permit self-sufficiency in grain. The proposal to reestablish of off-season vegetable production oriented toward export to the Italian market was also analyzed.
10 July to 10 August 1993 : Economist, Bangkok, Asia and Pacific Region, FAO analyzing the regional fertilizer market including production, marketing, consumption and trade.
15 August to 4 October 1993 : Agricultural Economist, Bolivia, Colombia and Peru evaluating the alternative development strategy of providing marketing support and community infrastructure to encourage switching from coca production to other crops. Small processing plants funded by UNIDO were analyzed.
11 February to 20 May 1993 : Agricultural Economist, Belize, FAO analyzing Government’s import substitution policy for raw and processed agricultural and livestock products. Recommended that GOB concentrate instead on non-traditional farm exports to the North American market; prepared a proposal for a technical cooperation project (TCP) on non-traditional exports which FAO later approved for funding.
17 November to 15 December 1992 and 1 to 10 January 1993 : Fisheries Credit Expert, Ecuador designing a credit component for a GTZ artisanal fisheries project, including support for fish-processing.
18 August to 5 November 1992 : Fisheries Credit Expert, FAO, Pakistan analyzing market potential and finance for the fish capture, fish-processing and fishmeal industries, with a major focus on export-markets.
4 April to 10 August 1992 and 8 August to 22 December 1991 : Team Leader/Agricultural Economist, Uganda responsible for the design of a national agricultural finance facility for farmers, artisanal fishermen and other rural small businessmen and women for submission for African Development Bank funding.
2 May to 30 June 1991 : Project Analyst, FAO HQ in its World Food Programme Liaison Office, analyzing proposed WFP development projects.
20 October 1990 to 19 February 1991 : Institutional Analyst for USAID-funded agricultural sector assistance program in Zimbabwe, evaluating a commodity import program and the impact of individual rural development projects financed by local currency revenues
10 August to 29 September 1990 : Agricultural Economist, Chapare, Bolivia, evaluating a USAID-funded crop and livestock production alternatives to coca production supported by cash grants for eradication, land titles, credit and basic infrastructure. Various processing and product marketing enterprises were analyzed.
13 March 17 May 1990 : Economic Analyst and Credit Expert, Honduras, analyzing marketing mechanisms and loan portfolios of the agricultural cooperatives packing and exporting melons and other non-traditional products to the North American market, funded by USAID.
10 August to 10 October 1989 : Financial Analyst, Cairo, Egypt, USAID-funded, developing an economic and financial analysis capability for staff to analyze feasibility of potable water and sewerage investment projects in the Nile River valley and delta. Prepared training materials for ex-ante analysis of such projects.
24 April to 4 August 1989 : Project Analyst, Rome, in the FAO’s liaison office, providing technical support in design and appraisal of WFP development projects.
16 March to 4 April 1989 : Agricultural Economist, Sao Tomé e Principe, FAO evaluating the impact of WFP food aid on rehabilitating cocoa production and processing, encouraging allocation of land to plantation workers for their own food production and supporting the privatization of state farms.
21 October to 23 December 1988 : Agricultural Economist, Honduras, for a USAID-funded policy study analyzing exchange rate, land tenure, marketing, export disincentives and financial constraints on private sector investment in production and processing of domestic and export crops.
16 August to 16 October 1988 : Author/Credit Expert, FAO, Rome writing a manual on managing credit components of artisanal fisheries projects.
9 July to 9 August 1988 : Agricultural Economist, Honduras, FAO evaluating impacts of WFP food aid on farm income, the production of basic grains and the adoption of soil conservation techniques.
November 1987 to April 1988 : Senior Economist for Latin America, IFAD, Rome responsible for preparing macroeconomic and agricultural country assessments for proposed projects.
11 October to 1 November 1987 : Consultant, FAO, Swaziland reporting on a results of a marketing project for reporting crop and livestock prices; marketing margins for the maize-milling industry were analyzed.
July 1985 to August 1986 : Agricultural Credit Expert, FAO, Malaysia, director of a team of consultants and enumerators for a survey of 2,000 small farmers and artisanal fishermen to assist the Malaysia's Agricultural Development Bank in improving its lending policies, procedures and loan recovery.
November 1984 to February 1985 and April to June 1985 : Socio-economic Indicator's Database Developer, FAO, Rome, developed a system for searching documents collection for development statistics.
March 1985 : Agricultural Economist, Honduras, USAID-funded evaluating the financial and institutional viability of the Federation of Coffee Producers and member cooperatives.
March to October 1984 : Land Tenure Analyst, FAO, Rome responsible for the design of a multi-country study of landless workers, promoting wage income, better access to land and more non-farm businesses.
January 1982 to February 1984 : Instructor, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, teaching undergraduate business students the use of statistics and statistical applications on the main-frame and personal computers.
Three months between 1980 to 1984 (various dates) : Cooperative Credit Consultant, Inter-American Foundation, Dominican Republic, evaluating the portfolio of the rural cooperative finance company and reviewing agribusiness feasibility studies and recommending external TA to improve portfolio quality.
8 July to 30 August 1983 : Credit Consultant, Haiti, USAID analyzing group credit provided to small farmers and the implications of proposed lending for large-scale private sector agribusiness investments.
February to March 1983 : Consultant for the Land Tenure Center, USAID-funded, evaluating production, marketing and repayment capacity of small farmers in the Bolivian Chaco on loans for land-clearing services, building stockwater ponds and annual crop production. Processing industries were also reviewed.
July to August 1982 : Research Assistant, Land Tenure Center of the University of Wisconsin, in charge of analyzing a dataset from a farm-level survey of Salvadoran small farms and agrarian reform cooperatives.
September 1979 to April 1980 : Research Assistant, Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, assisted in developing a methodology for the evaluation of the credit components of projects funded by the Inter-American Foundation in Latin America.
March to July 1979 : Consultant, International Labour Organization, Santiago, Chile analyzing changes in employment and labor structures on large farms in Chile's Central Valley between 1966 and 1975.
August 1978 to February 1979 : Consultant, SERPLAC Sixth region, Government of Chile, analyzing the market potential of principal annual crops and livestock activities and export fruit crops on farms of varying size and tenure types. Packing and export-marketing of fruit were analyzed in view of their high potential.
March 1978 to July 1978 : Director of a farm-level survey, SERPLAC, Seventh Region and Natural Resources Institute, Government of Chile, responsible for questionnaire design, training, revision of the sampling procedures and management of field work for a survey of 450 small and large farms producing and marketing crops for the domestic and export markets, including fruit, beans and other legumes.
January 1973 to September 1975 : Research Assistant, Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, responsible for the Bolivia report on the impact of agrarian reform on the welfare of rural people in Bolivia and the preparation of two case studies based on farm-level production and marketing survey data, for the World Bank's “Comparative Study of Land Reform in Five Latin American Countries.”
Voluntary Experience Record :
2015 to present : Mali, Advisor to Malian Alatona Irrigation Project Farmers on organizational issues and management of land payments and water fees.
April 2015 : Niessoumala, Sikasso region, Mali, Analyst for Appropriate Technology for meeting drinking water needs for a village of 2000 inhabitants at an affordable cost.
May 2009 : Borana, Ethiopia, Pastoralism and Food Security Analyst assisting Wako Gutu Foundation in preparing a proposal integrating riverine fisheries with agro-pastoralism to improve protein availability.
April 2005 : Tsunami Reconstruction, Aceh, Indonesia responsible for housing and livelihoods assessment.
October 1997 : Financial Analyst for CAUSE (Canadian NGO), Korhogo, Ivory Coast, analyzing the costs and markets for nime seed soap and financial analysis of treated mosquito nets sold by a women’s group.
1971-1975 and 1983 : Officer, Secretary and Treasurer of the Eagle Heights Consumer Cooperative, Madison, WI, keeping the minutes of board meetings and managing cooperative accounts and finances.
February 1967 to August 1971 : Peace Corps Volunteer/Project Manager, Rancagua, Chile, establishing and managing a rural electrification program providing for the needs of agrarian reform beneficiaries for residential, farm-electricity and farm-processing plant electric power.
Member of the Board of Directors, Council on Hemispheric Affairs, Washington DC.
Member, Terra Institute (focusing on land issues and property rights), Mt. Horeb, Wisconsin.
Member and Advisor, Miami Pine Rocklands Coalition (environmental group preserving a unique S. Florida habitat and advocating for maintaining open spaces to preserve the quality of life in S. Florida).
• Facilitator for a workshop sponsored by Agriculture, Business, Credit and Development LLC and World Renew analyzing the options open to Alatona Irrigation Project farmers disenfranchised from organizations managing their water fees and land payments, December 2015.
• Moderator for workshop sponsored by Agriculture, Business, Credit and Development LLC analyzing the results of the Survey of Fish-Rice producers in Baguineda and proposal for expansion of the fish-rice production system nationally, ACI2000-Hamdallaye, Bamako, Mali, May 27th 2015.
• Panelist at the Land Tenure Center’s 50th Anniversary Celebration speaking on water rights in conjunction with large-scale land acquisitions in Ethiopia and Mali, Madison WI, April 28-29, 2012.
• Participant in International Conference on Challenges and Opportunities in Fisheries and Aquaculture (COFA-2009), Ambo, Ethiopia, May 1-3, 2009.
• Workshop on Elaboration of Land Management Plan for the Alaotra Mangoro Region, Moramanga, Madagascar, March 19, 2007.
• Participant in Post-Tsunami Private Sector Summit on Reconstruction and Rehabilitation:
• Corporate Social Responsibility in Action, Washington DC, May 12, 2005.
• First annual microfinance week, Bamako, Mali, 13-16 November 2001;
• Presenter on housing microfinance.
• Workshop on Legal and Sociological Aspects of Guarantees and Securities and Procedures for Loan Recovery, based on the OHADA Law, Bamako, Mali, 14-16 May 2001.
• Cuba-US Business Council, participant in a conference on business prospects, Miami, 9 March 1999.
• Global Microcredit Summit, Washington, DC February 2-4, 1997.
Reports and Publications:
Report on the Survey of Fish-Rice Producers of Baguineda: Technology, Costs and Revenues of the Joint Production System and Proposal for its Adaptation and Expansion to Irrigated Rice Producing Areas Throughout Mali, co-authors Chris Harmer and Kevin Cummiskey, Bamako, October 2015.
Evaluation of the United Nations Development Programme Myanmar Microfinance Project in the Delta, Dry Zone, and Shan State (based on three surveys: qualitative 2011, quantitative 2007-2011 panel, and 2011 cross-sectional), UNDP, Yangon, Myanmar, April 6, 2012.
Evaluation Assessment of the Impact of CIPE and PEF’s farmer-based organization programs in Ghana, Center for International Private Enterprise, Accra, Ghana, December 16, 2011.
Agricultural Cooperatives in Ethiopia (ACE) Program: Final Evaluation, October 2005. [ Link ]
Report on the Final Evaluation for ADRA’s Projet d’Augmentation des Ressources Alimentaires de Siguiri (PADRAS) Program (FFP-A-00-00-00085-00), March 2005. [ Link ]
Agricultural Credit Risk in the Zones of the Office du Niger and CMDT, Malifinance, Bamako, Mali,
3 September 2004.
An Assessment of Credit Conditions for Agricultural Input Dealers in Malawi with Proposals for Improving their Access to Credit, IFDC, Lilongwe, Malawi, October 2003
Information and Communications Strategy for APIM/Mali (umbrella organization of microfinance institutions), Bamako, Mali, January 2002 (French). [ Link ]
Best Practices in Farmer Organization Promotion and Support, Maputo, December 1999 for USAID.
Proposal for Conversion from Leasehold to Freehold Property in Guyana, Georgetown, July 1998 for Inter-American Development Bank.
Proposed Credit and Savings Component for USAID’s Natural Resources Management Project, Dakar, Senegal, May 1998 (French/English).
Income-Generating Activities in Fisheries Communities around Lake Malombe and southern Lake Malawi, Mangochi, Malawi, October 1995 for FAO (English).
Report on Investment Potentials and Constraints to Investment in the Aquaculture, Fish Capture, Fish Processing and Marketing Industries in Mexico, Mexico City, November 1994 for FAO (Spanish).
Credit as a Tool for Community-Based Fisheries Management, with Reference to South East Asia, FAO/Japan Expert Consultation on the Development of Community-Based Coastal Fishery Management Systems for Asia and the Pacific, Kobe, Japan, 8-12 June 1992 (English). [ Link ]
Manual for the Management of Revolving Loan Funds and Credit Programmes for Fishing Communities, FAO, Rome, (English translated into French and Spanish 1992. [ Link ]
Changes in the Use of Labor on Large Farms in Chile's Central Valley: VI Region, 1965 - 1970 -1976, Doctoral Dissertation (Agricultural Economics), University of Wisconsin-Madison, Jan. 1984.
Empleo de Mano de Obra en las Haciendas del Valle Central de Chile: VI Region, 1965-1970-1976, PREALC-ILO, PREALC-ILO, Santiago, Chile, 1981 (Spanish).
Case Study of Ex-Hacienda Toralapa in the Lower Cochabamba Valley, 1967 and 1973, Land Tenure Center Research Paper No. 65, June, 1975.
Case Study of Ex-Hacienda Caramarca in the Lower Cochabamba Valley, 1967 and 1973, Land Tenure Center Research Paper No. 66, June, 1975.